1. The King. The Creator of Heaven and Earth is the King of the Universe, the Ultimate Power/Authority a.k.a. Most High G-d. He is known as HaShem, the L-RD, G-d of the gods and Lord of the lords, the great, the mighty, and the awesome G-d, the G-d of Avraham (Abraham), the G-d of Yitzkhak (Isaac), and the G-d of Ya’akov (Jacob), the G-d of Yisrael (Israel), the G-d and Father of the Lord Yeshua HaMashiakh (Jesus the Messiah / Christ). He is the true G-d, the Living G-d, and the Everlasting King (Yirmeyahu / Jeremiah 10:10). HaShem will reign until the World to Come and without end (Shemot / Exodus 15:18).
As David, Melekh Yisrael (David, King of Israel) says,
‘HaShem’s is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty; for everything in Heaven and Earth is His. His is the kingdom, and He is exalted as head above all. Riches and honour come from Him and He rules over all; and in His hand is power and might, and it is in His hand to make anyone great and strong.’
— 2 Divrei HaYamim (Chronicles) 29:11-12
And as Nevukhadnetzar, Melekh Bavel (Nebukadnezzar, King of Babylon) says,
‘I blessed the Most High, and praised and honoured Him Who lives forever, for His dominion is an everlasting dominion, and His kingdom endures from generation to generation. All the inhabitants of the Earth are accounted as nothing, and He does according to His will among the host of Heaven and among the inhabitants of the Earth, and none can stay His hand or say to Him, ‘What have you done?’ . . . Now I, Nevukhadnetzar, praise and extol and honour the King of Heaven, for all His works are right, and His ways are just, and He is able to humble those who walk in pride.’
— Daniyel (Daniel) 4:34b-35a,37
2. The Kingdom. The King of the Universe has established His throne in Heaven and His kingdom reigns over all (Tehillim / Psalms 103:19). Our G-d is in Heaven; He does all that He pleases (Tehillim 115:3). HaShem’s kingdom is a kingdom of all worlds, and His dominion is in all generations (Tehillim 145:13). The Earth is HaShem’s and its fullness, the world and its inhabitants (Tehillim 24:1). The Most High reigns in the kingdom of men, and gives it to whom He will, and sets over it the lowliest of men (Daniyel 4:17b); His Arm reigns for Him (Yeshayahu 40:10). And the kingdom and the dominion and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven will be given to the holy people of the Most High; His kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions will serve and obey Him (Daniel 7:27). He will judge between the nations, and will decide disputes for many peoples; and they will beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, neither will they learn war anymore (Yeshayahu 2:4).
As the Most High says,
‘Turn to Me and be saved all the ends of the Earth! For I am G-d, and there is no other. By myself I have sworn—from My mouth has gone out in righteousness—a word that will not return: ‘To Me every knee will bow; every tongue will swear allegiance.”
— Yeshayahu 45:22-23
3. The Law. When the King of the Universe established the nation of Yisrael as His kingdom of priests, He descended on Mount Sinai and spoke the Ten Commandments in their hearing, established the authority of His servant Mosheh (Moses) in their sight, and further provided His Torah (Instruction / Teaching a.k.a. Law) through him. All of the Torah and the Prophets hang on the love of G-d and the love of one’s neighbour (Mattityahu 22:37-40). Among other things, the Torah establishes the authority of judges (cf. Shemot 18:13,25-26, Devarim 17:12, Mattityahu 23:1-3) and Prophets (Devarim 18:15-19), and, among other things, the Prophets point us to the ruler to come, who is called King Messiah, the anointed Son of G-d, whom the Most High has appointed over all (Tehillim 2).
And as Yeshayahu HaNavi (the Prophet Isaiah) foretold,
‘It will come to pass in the later days that the mountain of the House of HaShem will be established as the highest of the mountains, and will be lifted up above the hills, and all the nations will flow to it. And many peoples will come and say, ‘Come, let us go up to the mountain of HaShem, to the House of the G-d of Ya’akov, that He may teach us His ways and that we may walk in His paths.’ For out of Tziyon (Zion) will go forth the Torah, and the Word of HaShem from Yerushalayim.’
— Yeshayahu 2:2-3
4. King Messiah. Adam Kadmon, the Heavenly Man, is the Firstborn of All Creation (Midrash Bereishit Rabbah 8, 1 Corinthians 15:47-49, Colossians 1:15). He is called the Memra (Word) of G-d (Yokhannan 1:1, Hitgallut / Revelation 19:13) and was in the beginning with the Most High G-d (Yokhannan / John 1:1-2), the beginning of G-d’s creation (Hitgallut / Revelation 3:14). All things were made through him and for him (Yokhannan 1:3, Colossians 1:16, Targum Onkelos on Devarim / Deuteronomy 33:27a, Targum Yerushalmi on Bereishit / Genesis 1:27, Targum Yonatan on Bereishit 2:8, Sanhedrin 98b), and he upholds the universe by the word of his power (Ivrim / Hebrews 1:3). In the fullness of time, the Memra became flesh and dwelt among us, and his witnesses in the first-century saw his glory—glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth (Yokhannan 1:14, Bereishit 22:2). The Messiah (Tehillim 2) was anointed with the Ruakh HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) and with power (Ma’asei / Acts 10:38, Yeshayahu 11:1-2, 61:1-3).
Since the children share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise partook of the same things, that through death he might destroy the angel of death, a.k.a. Samael, the one who has the power of death, the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil and the Satan (Ivrim 2:14, Hitgallut 20:2, Targum Yonatan on Bereishit 3:6, Pirke de-Rabbi Eliezer 13). He was tempted in every way as we are and did not sin by transgressing HaShem’s Torah (Instruction / Teaching a.k.a. Law; Ivrim 4:15, Romans 7:7, 1 Yokhannan 3:4). Therefore death was not able to hold him when he was delivered up according to the definite purpose and foreknowledge of G-d, being crucified and killed by the hands of lawless men, and G-d raised him from the dead (Ma’asei 2:23-24). HaShem gave the Messiah, the Son of David, the gift of Life, length of days to the World to Come and forever (Tehillim 21:4, Sukkah 52a), including the power to raise the dead (Yokhannan 5:26, 11:25). As Adam’s trespass led to condemnation for all men, so the Messiah’s righteousness leads to justification and Life for all men. For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous (Romans 5:18-19). G-d made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of G-d (2 Corinthians 5:21). As by a man came death, by a man has come also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, so also in the Messiah, the Second Adam, will all be made alive (1 Corinthians 15:21-22,47).
After his resurrection, he appeared to hundreds of witnesses (1 Corinthians 15:1-11), providing assurance from G-d to his pre-eminence and authority (Colossians 1:18, Ma’asei 17:31), after which his disciples witnessed his ascension with the clouds of heaven, as Daniyel foresaw, on his way to the Ancient of Days—there to receive dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all the peoples, nations, and languages should serve him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which will not pass away, and his kingdom one that will not be destroyed (Daniyel 7:13-14, Ma’asei 1:9). As David HaMelekh foresaw, HaShem’s pious one would not see the corruption of the grave (Tehillim 16:10-11); David’s Lord would sit down at the right hand of HaShem (Tehillim 110:1). G-d has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Yeshua every knee should bow, in Heaven and on Earth and under the Earth, and every tongue confess that Yeshua the Messiah is Lord, to the glory of G-d, the Father (Philippians 2:9). Whoever believes Yeshua is the Messiah, the king of Israel, has been born of G-d (Mark 15:32, 1 Yokhannan 5:1). King Messiah is the pre-eminent Son of G-d (Yokhannan 1:49, 1 Yokhannan 5:5), the Firstborn, the highest of the kings of the Earth (Tehillim 89:27). He has become the Kohen Gadol (High Priest) of the Heavenly Tabernacle where he intercedes for transgressors, having become the source of eternal salvation from the wrath of G-d for all those who obey him (Tehillim 110:4, Yeshayahu 53:12, Ivrim 2:14-18,3:1,4:14-16,5:1-10,6:19-20, Yokhannan 3:16,36, Ivrim 5:9). For there is one G-d and one mediator between G-d and men, the man Messiah Yeshua (1 Timothy 2:5). As Yeshua says, the Life of the World to Come is know his Father, the only true G-d, and Yeshua the Messiah whom He sent (Yokhannan 17:3).
‘Blessed be the G-d and Father of our Lord Yeshua the Messiah…’
— 1 Kefa (Peter) 1:3a, Ephesians 1:3a, 2 Corinthians 1:3a
6. Discipleship/Service. Everyone who believes Yeshua is the Messiah is born of G-d (1 Yokhannan 5:1a), and whoever believes he is the Son of G-d overcomes the world (ibid. v.5). If you confess with your mouth that Yeshua is the Lord appointed by G-d to rule over all creation and believe in your heart that G-d raised him from the dead, you will be saved from the wrath of G-d (Yokhannan 3:16-18, Romans 10:9), the lake of fire, which is the second death (Hitgallut 20:14). Those who do not believe in the resurrection, on the other hand, will have no part in it (Sanhedrin Chapter 11), and HaShem will hold those accountable who rebel against the authorities He has established, which is rebellion against the Most High G-d, HaShem Himself (Bemidbar / Numbers 16:11, Devarim 18:17-19, Ma’asei 3:22-23, Tehillim 18:40-41, Romans 13:1-2). All nations must therefore become disciple-servants of King Messiah, submitting themselves to his teaching as transmitted to us by his first disciple-servants (Mattityahu 28:18-20, 1 Yokhannan 4:6). As his emissary Kefa (Peter) says, all must turn to G-d from sin and be immersed in the name of Yeshua the Messiah for the forgiveness of their sins, and they will receive the gift of the Ruakh HaKodesh (Holy Spirit; Ma’asei 2:38). Whoever follows Rabbi Yeshua will not walk in darkness but will have the light of Life (Yokhannan 8:12, Mattityahu 5:14). Whoever believes in the Son has the Life of the World to Come; whoever does not obey the Son will not see Life, but the wrath of G-d remains on him (Yokhannan 3:36). Whoever abides in the teaching of Rabbi Yeshua is truly his disciple, and they will know the truth, and the truth will set them free from sin and the penalty of death (cf. Yokhannan 8:31-36, Romans 6:23).
‘Do you not know that if you present yourselves to anyone as obedient servants, you are servants of the one whom you obey, either of sin, which leads to death, or of obedience, which leads to righteousness? But thanks be to G-d, that you who were once servants of sin have become obedient from the heart to the standard of teaching to which you were committed, and, having been set free from sin, have become servants of righteousness. I am speaking in human terms because of your natural limitations. For just as you once presented your members as servants to impurity and to lawlessness leading to more lawlessness, so now present your members as servants to righteousness leading to sanctification. . . . now that you have been set free from sin and have become servants of G-d, the fruit you get leads to sanctification and its end, the Life of the World to Come.’
— Romans 6:16-19,22
7. Submission to Authorities. A man is not able to receive anything if it has not been given him from Heaven (Yokhannan 3:27, 19:11). Therefore, let everyone be subject to the governing authorities; for there is no authority except from G-d, and those that exist have been instituted by G-d. Whoever resists the authorities resists what G-d has appointed, and those who resist will incur judgement (Romans 13:1-2). This includes the authority of HaShem’s lawgiver, Yehudah (Judah; Tehillim 60:7, 108:8), and that of the scribes and the Pharisees who became the judges of Yisrael (Mattityahu 23:1-3). One must be in subjection, not only to avoid G-d’s wrath but also for the sake of conscience. For because of this you also pay taxes, for the authorities are ministers of G-d, attending to this very thing. Pay to all what is owed to them; taxes to whom taxes are owed, revenue to whom revenue is owed, respect to whom respect is owed, honour to whom honour is owed (Romans 13:5-7). And let supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all people, for kings and all who are in high positions, that we may lead a peaceful and quiet life, godly and dignified in every way. This is good, and it is pleasing in the sight of G-d our Saviour, Who desires all people to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth (1 Timothy 2:1-4). May the fullness of the blessing of Avraham be upon the nations through Messiah Yeshua our Lord (Galatians 3:14).
As Kefa, emissary of the Lord Yeshua, says,
‘G-d shows no partiality, but in every nation, anyone who fears Him and does what is right is acceptable to Him.’
— Ma’asei 10:34b-35