Parashat Miketz / פרשת מקץ

Crop of Joseph Explains Pharaohs Dream by Adrien Guignet

Summary

Parashat Miketz is the 10th weekly reading in the annual Torah reading cycle, and the 10th reading of Bereshit (“Genesis”). Miketz (מִקֵּץ) is Hebrew for At the End and is the second word of the parashah, which begins two years after Yosef (Josef) had successfully interpreted the dreams of the Chief Cup-Bearer and the Chief Baker.

When Pharaoh has dreams of his own and the magicians and wise men of Mitzrayim (Egypt) are unable to interpret, the Chief Cup-Bearer remembers Yosef and speaks of him to Pharaoh. Pharaoh therefore calls for Yosef and HaShem provides Pharaoh the interpretation of the dream to Pharaoh through Yosef. Yosef also advises Pharaoh in how to prepare for the inevitable fulfillment of the dream.

The parashah records Yosef’s exaltation over Mitzrayim, his preparations for the famine, the children that his wife bore to him while in Mitzrayim, and how all the world came to him for grain for bread. His brothers, too, eventually go to Yosef for bread, bowing down before him, and the parashah records how Yosef deals with them and tests them until he is ready to reveal himself to them.

Parashat Miketz concludes with Yosef’s brothers falling down before him, Yehudah (Judah) acknowledging their guilt and declaring he and his brothers to be the servants of Yosef.

Torah Portion: Genesis 41:1 – 44:17

1st Aliyah: Genesis 41:1-14 (14 verses)
2nd Aliyah: Genesis 41:15-38 (24 verses)
3rd Aliyah: Genesis 41:39-52 (14 verses)
4th Aliyah: Genesis 41:53-42:18 (23 verses)
5th Aliyah: Genesis 42:19-43:15 (35 verses)
6th Aliyah: Genesis 43:16-29 (14 verses)
7th Aliyah: Genesis 43:30-44:17 (22 verses)
Maftir: Genesis 44:14-17 (4 verses)

Special Maftir
Shabbat Chanukah, Day 3: Numbers 7:24-35
Shabbat Chanukah, Day 4: Numbers 7:30-41
Shabbat Chanukah, Day 7: Numbers 7:48-59
Shabbat Rosh Chodesh Chanukah:
8th Aliyah: Numbers 28:9-15
Maftir: Numbers 7:42-47

Reading from the Nevi’im (Prophets):
I Kings 3:15 – 4:1

When Parashat Miketz coincides with a special Shabbat, a different passage of the Prophets is traditionally read:

Shabbat Chanukah: Zechariah 2:14-4:7
Shabbat Rosh Chodesh Chanukah: Zechariah 2:14-4:7


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The remembrance of Yosef came before the Memra of HaShem at the end of two years.

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Exalted to the Right Hand

30 years old when he entered the service of the king.

G-d has put all things under his feet.

Before him every knee must bow.

Prepares for and sees the world through the famine.

Gathers grain like the sand of the sea.

Made fruitful among the nations and made to forget his hardships.

All the Earth come to him for bread.

Unrecognisable to his brothers at first, seeming to be a foreigner.

Speaks roughly and tests his brothers when they come to him.

Distress comes upon Bnei Yisrael on account of Yosef.

Frees his brothers from prison to life on the third day.

Yosef provides for them though they don’t know it.

Bread for Bnei Yisrael without payment.

Binyamin’s Portion

His brothers will ultimately acknowledge their guilt.

Commandments in the Parashah

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